coronavirus: With common cold/flu, pneumonia or severe acute respiratory syndrome. Earlier this virus used to be a myth and all the risks associated with it was far from being real. But recently, it has caught the reputation of being its rumours spread like a wildfire! Above is the microscopic view of the virus. As complex as it seems, the virus itself has been a hard one to break. Because of it being non-existential up until now, there has been no cure or vaccine invented for it. But like the sneaky and scary thing that it is, a cure has become the need of the hour. Many scientists have been working day and night to find a cure for it.
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
The first evidence of coronavirus was found in 1937 in birds. They had an infectious bronchitis virus that has the ability to destroy the whole poultry stocks. In the 1960s the first evidence of coronavirus in humans was discovered. The name of this virus was inspired by the crown-like structures on it. ‘Corona’ meaning ‘Crown’ in Latin. Usually, there are two types of coronaviruses. One that affects humans and the other that affects the animals. The virus that affects the human can be mild or severe depending upon the intensity of the antibodies present. Mild conditions include common flu whereas severe conditions can lead to pneumonia or bronchitis.
Generally, human coronaviruses are spread through :
- The air by coughing and sneezing
- Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
- Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
- Rarely, faeces (poop)
Although the virus in humans ranges from mild to being severe, the symptoms last from 2 to 14 days. Apart from this, the most common group of people that are prone to be affected by this deadly disease are children or old people. This is because young ones do not have weak or developing immune system like the infants or underlying health conditions like the elderly. They even report the disease when they find it not going away for a much longer time and are prone to follow the medial precautions more aptly. Diagnosis for the coronavirus is done by :
- Taking your medical history in addition to asking about the symptoms.
- Physical exam.
- Blood tests.
- Lab tests of sputum, any other respiratory specimens and a sample from a throat swab.
SYMPTOMS FOR THE CORONAVIRUS
Scientists are still not sure as to how to detect the virus at the most initial stages but there are some common symptoms that they look for when they suspect the coronavirus kickin’ in. they are :
- Runny nose
- Fever in rare cases
- Sore throat
- Exacerbated asthma
- Chest pain or tightness when you breathe and cough
The most common reasons for the spread of this disease are :
- Coughing and sneezing without covering the mouth that can disperse droplets into the air.
- Touching or shaking hands with a person who has the virus. It can pass the virus between individuals.
- When you make contact with a surface or object that has the virus and then touching the nose, eyes, or mouth.
RUMOUR OR FACT?
- Mind calming news for youngsters, Coronavirus only kills the elderly and children !!
It is a fact. This is because the children have developing or not so strong immune system. Therefore, a virus a major is easy to be spread among the children. As for the elderly, most of them have underlying diseases that add to the severeness of the coronavirus.
- Facemasks are a band-aid on a burn !!
Coronavirus spreads through coughing, sneezing and through another air-borne medium. This is a fact. But what is also a fact is that touching any germ infecting item or space, or even rubbing eyes or touching face after getting in contact with an infected person, you can catch the virus still. Face masks can reduce the chances of catching the virus directly, but it is not an insurance policy for it.
- A vaccine is on the way !!
This is still a rumour. It hasn’t been much longer since the virus was found in humans and with the severity of death being the final outcome in some cases. Therefore, a cure or a vaccine hasn’t yet been discovered. But the scientists are still working hard on it day and night and we might soon get some relieving news.
THERE ALWAYS ARE SOME PRECAUTIONS!
- Wash your hands often.
Washing your hands frequently kills the virus, if infected. Apart from washing hands frequently, try using a sanitizer frequently. A hand sanitizer kills the germs as well and works perfectly fine when you are on the go.
- Keep a minimum distance from the infected.
This is because when a person coughs or sneezes they spray out small droplets of liquid from their nose and mouth. If not in a minimum distance, you can easily come in contact with these droplets and catch the virus yourself.
- Avoid coming in contact with the personal belongings of the infected.
It is impossible for a person to be sick and at the same time keep in mind all the precautions that they are supposed to take. They can sometimes, mistakenly tough their belongings with the infected hands or can sneeze on them. There fore, it is recommended to stay away from touching the personal belongings of the infected person.
- Do not touch your face, nose or eyes.
Breathing in the virus is not the only way to get infected from it. One if has antibodies of it on their hand and rub their nose, eyes or face with it, even then they are prone to catch the coronavirus. So avoid doing it.
- Seek early medical advice, if needed.
In case you have the slightest doubt of being unwell for a considerable amount of time and the flu not being normal, consult your doctor immediately.
YOU CAN FIGHT BACK!
Here are some do’s and dont’s if you are infected by the coronavirus.
- DO learn the symptoms.
- DO wash hands frequently.
- DO take appropriate precautions.
- DO try to avoid travelling to affected regions.
- DO ask for isolation.
- DO seek early help.
- DO cough/sneeze with mouth covered or in a tissue.
- DO always wear a mask when going outside.
- DON’T have expired or unprescribed medicines.
- DON’T hang out with large groups of people.
- DON’T touch your eyes, nose or face.
- DON’T wear a mask unless and until you are sick.
- DON’T travel.
- DON’T panic.
- DON’T go out except when seeing the doctor.